If You Have To Evacuate:

–         Listen to the radio or television and follow instructions from local emergency officials.

–         If you are instructed to do so, shut off water, gas and electricity.

–         Leave immediately.

–         Take your family disaster survival kit with you.

–         Wear clothes and shoes appropriate to conditions.

–         Lock your house.

–         Follow the routes specified by the officials.

–         Don’t take shortcuts. A shortcut could take you to a blocked or dangerous area.

–         Make arrangements for pets.

–         Do not take them to a shelter.

–         If you have time, leave a note telling others  when you left and where you went. If you have a mailbox you could leave the note there.

–         If you are evacuated, sign up with the registration centre so you can be contacted or reunited with your family and loved ones.

Practice and Maintain Your Plan

Disasters can happen anytime and anywhere. When disaster strikes, you may not have much time to respond. A highway spill of hazardous material could mean instant evacuation, or a winter storm could confine you and your family at home for days.

Family Emergency Supply Kit


After a disaster, local officials and relief workers will be on the scene, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. Help could arrive in hours, or it may  take days. Would your family be prepared to cope with the emergency until help arrives?

Prepare for disaster before it strikes. Assemble an Emergency Supplies Kit. When disaster hits, you won’t have time to shop or search for supplies. If you’ve gathered supplies in advance, your family can manage an evacuation or home confinement.

To prepare your kit:

Review the information below.
Gather and store the supplies that are listed in an easily accessible area.
Assemble your emergency supply kit.


There are six basics you should stock in your home: water, food, first aid supplies, tools and supplies, clothing and bedding, and special items. Keep the items that you would most likely need during an evacuation in an easy-to-carry container. Possible containers include:

A large, covered trash container

A camping backpack

A duffel bag
Water (Also see Preparing an Emergency Water Supply)

Store water in plastic containers such as clean, soft drink bottles or purchase sealed bottled water in bulk. Avoid using containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles. A normally active person needs to drink at least two litres of water each day. Hot environments and intense physical activity can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers and people with illnesses will need more.

–         Store four litres of water per person per day (two litres for drinking, two litres for food preparation/sanitation).

–         Keep at least a three-day supply of water for each person in your household.

–         Store purification tablets or chlorine bleach and an eyedropper to disinfect water.

Food (Also see Preparing an Emergency Food Supply)

Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking and little or no water. If you must heat food, pack a can of commercial heating/cooking fuel or a portable camp cook stove – do not use a barbecue indoors. Rotate your stored food items every six months.
Include a selection of the following foods in your Emergency Supplies Kit:

–         Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and vegetables

–         Canned juices, milk, soup (if powdered, store extra water)

–         Staples such as sugar, salt, pepper, spices

–         High energy foods (peanut butter, jelly,  crackers, granola bars, trail mix)

–         Foods for infants, elderly persons or  persons on special diets

–         Comfort/stress foods – cookies, hard  candy, sweetened cereals, instant coffee, tea bags, hot chocolate


Should include:

–         First Aid Manual

–         Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes

–         2 inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)

–         4 inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)

–         Hypoallergenic adhesive tape

–         Triangular bandages (3)

–         2 inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)

–         3 inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)

–         Scissors

–         Tweezers

–         Moistened towelettes

–         Antiseptic or antiseptic towelettes

–         Thermometer

–         Tongue depressor (2)

–         Assorted sizes of safety pins

–         Cleansing agent/soap

–         Latex gloves (2 pairs)

–         Waterless hand sanitizer

Tools and Supplies

–         Mess kits or paper cups, plates and plastic utensils

–         Emergency preparedness manual

–         Battery-operated radio and extra batteries

–         Flashlight and extra batteries

–         Cash or travelers’ cheques, credit cards,  change

–         Non-electrical can opener, utility knife

–         Fire extinguisher (small canister, ABC type)

–         Tube tent

–         Duct tape

–         Pliers

–         Compass

–         Matches in a waterproof container

–         Aluminum foil

–         Plastic storage containers

–         Signal flare

–         Paper, pencil

–         Needles, thread

Non-prescription Drugs

–         Pain relievers (i.e. acetaminophen)

–         Anti-diarrhea medication

–         Sun screen (SPF 15 or higher)

–         Antacid (for stomach upset)

–         Laxative 

Personal Care Items

–         Toothpaste and brushes

–         Dental floss

–         Feminine napkins

–         Soap and shampoo

–         Cotton swabs

–         Deodorant

–         Diapers and wipes

–         Medicine dropper

–         Shut-off wrench to turnoff  household gas and water

–         Whistle

–         Plastic sheeting

–         Map of your community (for locating shelters)

–         Toilet paper, towellettes

–         Soap, liquid detergent

–         Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation use)

–         Plastic bucket with tight lid

–         Household chlorine bleach, unscented

–         Hammer and nails/crowbar

–         Lantern and fuel, candles

–         Emergency blanket

–         Mosquito repellent

–         Rope

–         Shovel
Clothing and Bedding
Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear per person.

–         Sturdy shoes or work boots

–         Rain gear

–         Blankets or sleeping bags

–         Hat and gloves, scarves

–         Thermal underwear

–         Sweaters
Special Items
Remember family members with special needs, such as infants and elderly or disabled persons.

For baby

–         Formula with extra sterile water  to mix (if powdered or concentrate)

–         Bottles

–         Disposable diapers

–         Diaper wipes

–         Petroleum jelly

–         Extra clothing (as babies may  soil more clothing than  older children)

–         Snowsuit if cold

–         Medications

–         Toys
For children and adults

–         Heart and high blood pressure medication  – or any other relevant medications

–         Insulin

–         Prescription drugs

–         Contact lenses and supplies

–         Denture needs

–         Extra eye glasses

–         Hearing aids and batteries

–         An extra set of car and house keys

–         Entertainment – games and books

–         Epipen for allergic reaction

For people with mobility problems

–         Extra wheelchair batteries, oxygen, medication, catheters, food for guide or service dogs, plus other special equipment you might need

–         A list of family physicians and the relative or friend who should be notified if you are injured

–         A list of the style and serial numbers of medical devices, such as pacemakers

–         Store back-up equipment, such as a manual wheelchair, at a neighbour’s home, school or your workplace

–         Keep the shut-off switch for oxygen equipment near your
bed or chair so you can get to it quickly if there is a fire

Important family documents.

–         Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container or a bank safety deposit box

–         Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds, Passport, social insurance cards, health card, immunization records and Bank account numbers

–         Credit card account numbers and companies

–         Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers

–         Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)

–         Photos of family members in case you are separated in an emergency
Suggestions and Reminders

–         Store your kit in a convenient place known to all family members

–         Keep the Car Survival Kit in your car (See Car Survival Kit Section)

–         Keep items in air tight plastic bags

–         Change your stored water supply every six months so it stays fresh

–         Rotate your stored food items every six months

–         Re-think your kit and family needs at least once a year

–         Replace batteries, update clothes, etc.

–         Ask your physician or pharmacist about storing prescription medication