Extreme Heat Fact Sheet

Heat Exhaustion Symptoms:

• Nausea
• Cramps
• Fatigue and weakness
• Dizziness
• Excessive sweating
• Dilated pupils
• Cool, pale, clammy skin

Heat Stroke Symptoms:
• Temperature – up to 41°C
• Rapid pulse
• Rapid, shallow breathing
• Confusion; strange behaviour
• No sweating
• Constricted pupils
• Dry, red, hot skin

Protect yourself:
• Drink lots of water or 100% fruit juice, even if you don’t feel thirsty.
• Avoid going out in the heat when possible, especially between 11am and 4pm.
• Keep shades or drapes drawn and blinds closed on the sunny side of your home, but keep windows slightly open if you don’t have air conditioning.
• Keep electric lights off or turned down low.
• Avoid using your oven.
• Avoid intense or moderately intense physical activity
• Take a cool bath or shower, or cool down with cool, wet towels.
• Go to air-conditioned or cooler places like shopping malls, libraries, community centers or a friend’s place.

Treatment:
• Move the person to a cooler, shaded location
• Sponge the person off with cool water
• Remove shoes, socks and any excess clothing from the person
• Give sips of cool water (not ice water) or 100% fruit juice
• Place ice packs or very cold cloths under the armpits, against the neck and on the insides of the upper thighs
• Turn a fan on facing the victim